Vocabulary exercise


This is for the Sec 3E classes. Remember the vocab worksheet we went through in class? There was another side to it that I said was optional. Some of you like to take up options like this, so for your benefit, here are the answers to the worksheet.

Test 83: Academic writing 2


1. If you posit something, you suggest it is a fact.

2. If something epitomises something, it is a perfect example of it.

3. If a point in an essay underscores another point, it emphasises it.

4. If someone expounds something, they propose and develop arguments for it.

5. If someone reiterates something, they repeat or restate it.



1. The economic issue is beyond the scope of this essay.

2. Verb meaning ‘to include’ or ‘to put one’s arms around someone’ – embrace.

3. Verb meaning ‘to quote’ or ‘to refer to someone’s work’ – cite.

4. Noun form of the verb ‘to epitomise’ – epitome.


5. Noun form of the verb ‘to preface’ – preface.

6. Verb form of the noun ‘category’ – categorise.


In this chapter it has been impossible to deal with the history of traditional music in every detail, and we have only touched upon some aspects. We shall return to the history of the music briefly in Chapter 6. The topics to be addressed in the next chapter include the types of instruments which are commonly used and the various song and dance forms.

We shall consider the factors influencing the process in descending order, starting with the most important, namely the civil war of 1994-1996. The opposing sides in the war were made up of different, loosely allied faction, and we are forced to conclude that the war might have ended sooner had there been a more united front. Looking at the protagonists in ascending order, we begin with the least significant military figures and end with General Ujima, the ruthless head of the regime. This paper will attempt to account for the climate which led to deep political divisions and, finally, war.

Test 84: Writing- style and format


1. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS is written in upper case on the front cover of the book.

2. a) round brackets b) square brackets

3. a font or a typeface

4. a) italics or italicised text b) bold (text)

5. block

6. bullet points or bullets

7. single inverted commas and double inverted commas or single quotation marks and double quotation marks or single quotes and double quotes

8. an asterisk


1. To write something down is to write something on a piece of paper, usually so you don’t forget it, and to write something up is to make a proper written text out of notes you have made.

2. To scribble is to write something down quickly, whereas to doodle is to draw little patterns or pictures while you are thinking or talking or because you are bored.

3. When you are word processing, you cut and paste a piece of text if you take it out of one place and put it in a different place in your document. If you copy and paste something, you copy a piece of text to put it somewhere else but you also leave it in its original position.

4. A title is the main title of a book and a subtitle is an extra or second title that provides more information about the title. For example, in Grammar in Context: Grammar reference and practice, ‘Grammar in Context’ is the title, and ‘Grammar reference and practice’ is the subtitle.

5. To jot something down is more informal than to make a note of something, but they both mean to write something down in order to remember it.

6. To print a document means to make a printed copy of a document that is on the computer, whereas to format a document means to decide on font sizes, margins, etc. to make the document look good before printing it.

7. To indent a line means to position it so that the line starts further in from the margin and to put a line in a shaded box means to put it in something like this: (there is a picture which I don’t know how to insert here, but I think this is pretty self-explanatory).

8. A manuscript is the original copy of a book or article before it is printed, whereas the first draft is the writer’s first version of a piece of work.

9. Upper case letters are capitals or block letters, i.e. LETTERS, and lower case letters are small letters, i.e. letters.

10. A chapter heading is the main title of a chapter and a sub-heading is one of several smaller headings within a chapter or article. Sub-headings are usually found in articles or in academic books rather than novels.


1. Jane scribbled a note to her mum.

2. You should put all the headings in bold.

3. I copied out my lecture notes for Sam.

4. I’m hoping to submit the final draft soon.

5. Ben is writing up his thesis at the moment.

6. Let’s all just jot down our first thoughts and then discuss them.

7. It’ll save time if you copy and paste these sections of the document.

8. It’s a good idea to indent every paragraph.

9. Don’t forget to put single quotes round direct speech.

10. Make a note of your reference number.

I hope you found this exercise useful. Do write in if you have any questions. If you are interested to know, the exercises were taken from a book called “Test Your English Vocabulary in Use- Advanced”, by Michael McCarthy and Felicity O’Dell (Cambridge University Press: 2005)


2 thoughts on “Vocabulary exercise

  1. Hi Jane! So nice to see you here. I didn’t put in the answers for tests 81 and 82 because we went through the answers in class. But if you feel that you would like to see them up here let me know, and I will do it when I have some time. Right now I have a lot of marking that has piled up, and also an assignment for my masters course due soon.

    Once again, really glad you stopped by. Hope you become a regular visitor. 🙂

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